MAIRS is a new international research organization. It has been inplemented by START, the START TEA-RC and Chinese donors. It collaborates with the Earth System Science Partnership Programs: IGBP, WCRP, IHDP and DIVERSITAS. Different from other monsoon research projects, MAIRS will not address the monsoon climate its self, but focus on human monsoon system interaction. It attempts to understand to what extent the human activities modulate the Asia monsoon climate and how the changed monsoon climate will impact further the social and economic development of Asia . MAIRS will also study to what extent societies can adapt to such impacts or mitigate them through regulating policies, law and institutions in order to achieve the sustainable development.